Wednesday 14 February 2024

Begum Hazrat Mahal - Aradhy Mohan Jalan


Life of Begum Hazrat Mahal : The Freedom Fighter of India

Begum Hazrat Mahal's birth name was Mohammadi Khanum, and she was born in 1820 in Faizabad, the former capital of the Oudh State. She was sold by her parents and became a tawaif by profession. She entered the royal harem as a Khawasin after being sold to Royal agents, where she was promoted to a pari and was known as Mahak Pari.

She became a Begum after being accepted as a royal concubine of the King of Awadh, the last Tajdaar-e-Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah. She became his junior wife, and the title 'Hazrat Mahal' was bestowed upon her after the birth of their son, Birjis Qirwais. In 1856, the British annexed Awadh, and Wajid Ali Shah was exiled to Calcutta. Begum Hazrat Mahal remained in Lucknow with her son and soon took charge of the affairs of the rebel state of Awadh as it entered armed struggle with the British East India Company. Unfortunately, she lost her life on 7 April 1879, at the age of 59, in Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal.

Aradhy Mohan Jalan
Class - 7
Sunbeam Hostel Lahartara

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